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Konavle Region

Cavtat is the largest and the only urban centre in Konavle that has been built up deliberately. It is located on the peninsula of Rat, which surrounds the well protected and accessible bay together with the peninsula of Sustjepan.

In its harmonious architecture, the centuries-old natural, spiritual and material affiliation to the Dubrovnik Republic can be observed.Cavtat, the antique Epidaurus, was an important Roman colony in this region, which expires after the breakthrough of the Slavs and the Avarians into this area after the decline of the Western Roman Empire, and their inhabitants flee to the neighbouring settlement Laus-Rave-Ragus, wherefrom Dubrovnik arose. In historical sources, Cavtat is also mentioned with the name Ragusa Vecchia, what clearly testifies to the connection of these two cities. In the times of the Dubrovnik Republic, Cavtat was the second most important seaport, place of trade and of administration in the Republic after Dubrovnik.Places like Cavtat offering so much to the visitors are quite rare. Its scenery, the rich cultural and historical heritage along with the range of services offered to tourists meet the demands of the present day tourists, thus making it one of the most attractive destinations on the Adriatic coast. Cavtat is located between the magic city of Dubrovnik on one side and beautiful Konavle on the other. There one can still feel the spirit of the past time and experience the centuries old tradition of our ancestors. It is an ideal holiday resort. Each visitor can discover his own wishes, enjoy the hidden coves at peace, long walks at the seaside or spend active holidays going in for recreational sports and entertaining cultural programmes.The legend about the development of the name Cavtat is interesting, because it says that two suitors had asked the beautiful Cavtislava's hand in marriage, the daughter of the Epidaurian ruler, so that the father decided to give her to that suitor, who would perform the bigger task. One of the admirers, the commander Stjepan, should bring aquaviva from the source Vodovađa in Konavle, and the other one, a brave knight and seafarer, should bring a ship full of silk from the wide world. On the day of the festivities of the opening of the Epidaurian viaduct, the beautiful Cavtislava should first satisfy her thirst with water from a golden jar, but before, a big lizard jumped out of the water directly onto the girl's lap. Cavtislava's heart failed for fear and she immediately dropped dead. According to tales in the common tongue, the unfortunate seafarer, whose ship was sunk by a huge storm directly in front of Epidaurus, and who therefore was not able to fulfil his task, put the lizard into the viaduct since he could not bear the loss of the girl. In memory of the beautiful Cavtislava, at this place arose Cavtat, after an earthquake had destroyed the town.

Another legend says that Cavtat derives from the Old-Croatian verb 'captiti' - 'to blossom', refering to the yellow juniper, that so widwspread sparkling plant with a sunny aura. The legend relate its doom to the catastrpohes after which the indestructible Cavtat would come back to life again and anew. "... down there, there's something adorned with gold blossoming it the reef..."

 

KONAVLE – a place in the very south of Croatia, is the most southern part of today's Dubrovnik Riviera, with whose purchase the Dubrovnik Republic rounded off its territory in the 15th century.

Konavle is a region with particular natural beauties and contrasts: mountain and valley, green hills and naked stone, the blue and the green or, as called by the inhabitants of Konavle, "Gornja" and "Donja Banda". Fringed by the Konavle mountains in the North, bordered by the Adriatic Sea in the South, it reaches from the entry into the Bay of Kotor to the peninsula of Prevlaka in the East, and in the West, it inclines down to the cosy coves of Obod and Cavtat.The preserved natural, unique and exceptionally precious rural architecture, numerous monuments of the thousand-year-old history of this area, traditions that are hundreds of years old and have been kept through folklore, the distinctive traditional costumes of Konavle and the Konavle embroidery, the harmony of man's life and the nature …all this renders Konavle unique and recognisable.Čilipi, a place next to Cavtat and Gruda, is the biggest settlement in Konavle and surely the best place to meet the traditions of Konavle. In the centre of the place with the largest church in Konavle, the parish church of St. Nicholas, a square formed up, surrounded by official and family stone houses, in order to create a unique urban micro unit.The stairs, slightly descending from the church to the plateau of the square, became an ideal stage for numerous visitors of folklore events that have been organised in Čilipi each Sunday from Easter to the end of October for over three decades. Thereby we preserve our folklore and cultural heritage, and that offers the tourists a unique experience of an encounter with our ancestors' traditions, still alive.In Čilipi, the homeland house of Konavle can be found, a museum that bears rich ethnographic source material from the entire region of Konavle, and that is presented in the authentic ambience of the Konavle stone house.Closely nearby Čilipi the international airport of Dubrovnik is located, which has contributed extraordinarily to the touristic development of this region and to the approximation of this region to the world during the past decades.Molunat is a fishing and tourist settlement in the extreme south of the Croatian coastline at the distance of 40 km SE from Dubrovnik and 20 km from the airport and from Cavtat. It is connected by bus lines three times a day. Molunat is located at the distance of 12 nautical miles from Cavtat and 18 nautical miles from Dubrovnik.. There is a post office, a slipway with adjacent berths, a shop offering home grown fruit and vegetables, a restaurant, two coffee shops, the diving club and the fishing cooperative.The name Molunat derives from Illyrian and Greek root (molos - the port) referring to the ancient ports of Mali and Veliki Molunat protected against bad weather conditions. There are many traces of various archaelogical sites on the sea floor, on the mainland, on its walls and fortifications. The Molunat area has an ecologically preserved nature with numerous species of mediterranean medicinal herbs. Its indented coastline is full of coves around the peninsula, the two islets with shallow and clear sea with plenty of fish. Veliki and Mali Škoj and Gora od Molunta are covered by dense macchia, holm-oaks, cypress trees and the umbrella-pines. Due to the favourable land configuration, the climate is mild, mediterranean with hot summers and refreshing mistral blowing in the afternoon hours.